Dermatologists list down the following factors as the primary causes of melasma:
- Sun exposure
- Hormonal changes
- Birth control medication
- Hormone therapy
At the La Jolla Dermatology and Laser Surgery Center, Dr. Azadeh Shirazi specializes in treating all forms of skin conditions and disorders including melasma. Generally, the condition can be easily diagnosed by looking at the characteristic pigmentation on the patient’s face. In some cases, however, the doctor might recommend a minor skin test so that a more accurate analysis can be made, excluding other potential diagnoses.